SCIENCE ADVISORY BOARD DEVELOPMENTAL AND REPRODUCTIVE TOXICANT (DART) IDENTIFICATION COMMITTEE
The Developmental and Reproductive Toxicant (DART) Identification Committee is a group of expert scientists appointed by the Governor to identify chemicals that have been clearly shown through scientifically valid testing according to generally accepted principles to cause reproductive toxicity. (Cal. Health & Safety Code § 25249.8).
The committee meets at least once each calendar year. You can view meeting notices and other committee information here: http://www.oehha.ca.gov/prop65/public_meetings/index.html.
Expert Scientific Advisors
The Developmental and Reproductive Toxicant (DART) Identification Committee includes experts from among the following areas of specialization: epidemiology, developmental toxicology, reproductive toxicology, teratology, medicine, public health, statistics, biology, toxicology, and related fields.
An Expert Determination
The addition of a chemical to the Proposition 65 list by the committee requires three steps:
- During the months prior to each meeting, scientists from the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment prepare a hazard identification document that contains the scientific evidence on a chemical’s reproductive toxicity. The public has an opportunity to submit relevant information to OEHHA that may be included in the document. Once the document is completed, it is released to the public for a 45-day comment period. Committee members then review the document as well as the public comments received.
- At the meetings, committee members have a chance to hear public testimony on the chemical and then review, discuss and vote on the evidence they have seen and heard.
- Members will vote to add a chemical to the list only if “it has been clearly shown through scientifically valid testing according to generally accepted principles to cause reproductive toxicity.” (Cal. Health & Safety Code § 25249.8). Members usually will further specify whether the chemical has been clearly shown to cause male reproductive toxicity, female reproductive toxicity and/or developmental toxicity.
Members of the committee also have the authority to suggest and prioritize chemicals for future review. They also identify the “authoritative bodies” (such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) whose formal identifications of reproductive toxicants qualify chemicals for listing. (Cal. Health & Safety Code § 25249.8).
The Developmental and Reproductive Toxicant (DART) Identification Committee Members Are:
- Diana Auyeung-Kim has been senior manager in toxicology at Allergan Inc. since 2014, where she was principal scientist from 2010 to 2014. She held several positions at Charles River Laboratories Inc. from 2002 to 2010, including program associate for developmental and reproductive toxicology, associate director of research, senior research scientist, study director and research scientist. Auyeung-Kim was a human health risk assessor and assistant project manager at Tetratech Em Inc. from 1993 to 2000 and a certified pharmacy technician at Sutter and Mercy General Hospitals from 1989 to 1992. She earned a Doctor of Biological Sciences degree in pharmacology and toxicology from the Virginia Commonwealth University and a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Nevada, Reno.
- Laurence Baskin has worked at the University of California as professor of urology and pediatrics since 2004 and been a surgeon scientist since 1993. In 1997, he was appointed chief of pediatric urology. He is primary author on over 200 peer-reviewed articles, editor of the Handbook of Pediatric Urology, Hinman’s atlas of Pediatric Urologic Surgery and Assistant editor of the pediatric section, Journal Urology. He is Principal Investigator on basic urologic research, clinical and mentoring grants funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and National Science Foundation. He is presently head of the NIH study section on urologic disease. He is president of the Society for Pediatric Urology and was previously president of the Society for Fetal Urology, the Asia-Pacific Association of Pediatric Urology, the Society of Genitourinary Reconstructive Surgeons and the American Association of Pediatric Urology. He is a member of the American Urological Association and the Society of Pediatric Urologic Surgeons and a fellow at the American College of Surgeons and American Academy of Pediatrics. He earned a doctorate degree in medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles.
- Suzan Carmichael has been associate professor at the Stanford University School of Medicine Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine since 2010. She held several positions at the March of Dimes Foundation from 1998 to 2010, including division director and epidemiologist in the California Research Division and epidemiologist in the California Birth Defects Monitoring Program. She was an epidemic intelligence service officer in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Division of Reproductive Health from 1996 to 1998 and a research assistant at the University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health from 1993 to 1996 and at the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Division of Research in 1993. Carmichael was a child survival specialist and health educator for the U.S. Peace Corps in 1992, a research assistant at the University of California, Davis Department of Human Development and Pediatrics from 1989 to 1992 and a laboratory assistant at the Texas A&M University Department of Animal Science in 1989. She earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree in epidemiology from the University of California, Berkeley and a Master of Science degree in international agricultural development from the University of California, Davis.
- Ellen Gold has served on the Developmental and Reproductive Toxicant Identification Committee since 2005. She has been a professor at the University of California, Davis since 1988 and has served as chair of the Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Medicine since 2008. She is a member of the Society for Epidemiologic Research, American College of Epidemiology and American Public Health Association. She earned a doctorate degree in epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins University.
- Ulrike Luderer has been a professor in the Department of Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine at the University of California, Irvine since 2013 and was associate professor from 2006 to 2013 and assistant professor from 1999 to 2006. She was a senior postdoctoral fellow at the University of Washington Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences from 1998 to 1999 and completed her fellowship in occupational and environmental medicine there in 1998. She is a member of the Society for the Study of Reproduction, the Endocrine Society, the Society of Toxicology and the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. She is chair of the California Environmental Contaminant Biomonitoring Program scientific guidance panel and served on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board, Environmental Health Committee, among other service on national and international advisory panels. She earned a Master of Public Health degree from the University of Washington and doctorate degrees in neurobiology and physiology and in medicine from Northwestern University. She is board-certified in occupational medicine and internal medicine.
- Aydin Nazmi has been assistant professor at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo since 2009. He was a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Michigan School of Public Health from 2008 to 2009 and served as a U.S. Peace Corps volunteer from 1999 to 2001. He is a member of the American Public Health Association, the Society for Epidemiologic Research, the International Epidemiological Association and the International Society for Developmental Origins of Health and Disease. He earned a Master of Science degree in public health nutrition from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and a doctorate degree in epidemiology from the Federal University of Pelotas.
- Isaac Pessah has been a professor at the University of California, Davis since 1996 and has served as Chair of the Department of Molecular Biosciences since 2006. He was associate professor at the University of California, Davis from 1994 to 1998, assistant professor from 1987 to 1994 and a research specialist at the University of California, Berkeley from 1984 to 1987. He is a member of the American Chemical Society, the Society of Toxicology, the Biophysical Society and the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. He earned a Master of Science degree and a doctorate degree in toxicology from the University of Maryland.
- Charles Plopper has been professor emeritus at the University of California, Davis School of Veterinary Medicine's Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Cell Biology since 2005, where he has served in several positions since 1979, including chairperson, acting chairperson, professor, associate professor and assistant professor. He was a senior staff fellow at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Laboratory of Pulmonary Function and Toxicology from 1978 to 1979, associate professor at the University of Kuwait Department of Human Morphology and Experimental Pathology from 1977 to 1978, assistant professor at the University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine's Department of Anatomy and Reproductive Biology from 1975 to 1977 and a visiting research morphologist at the University of California, Davis California National Primate Research Center from 1974 to 1975. Plopper was chief of the Electron Microscopy Division at the Letterman Army Institute of Research, Presidio of San Francisco from 1974 to 1975 and chief of the U.S. Army Medical Research and Nutrition Laboratory's Electron Microscopy Branch, Pathology Division from 1972 to 1973. He earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree in anatomy from the University of California, Davis.
- Catherine VandeVoort has been a professor-in-residence at the California National Primate Research Center at the University of California, Davis since 2009. She worked at the University of California, Davis as an adjunct professor from 2002 to 2009, associate adjunct professor from 1996 to 2002 and a research physiologist from 1988 to 2002. She has been chair of the Molecular, Cellular and Integrative Physiology Graduate Group since 2007 and is a member of the Society for the Study of Reproduction. She earned a Master of Science degree and doctorate degree in nutrition from Iowa State University.
- Tracey Woodruff has been a professor in the Department of Obstetricians, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences at the University of California, San Francisco since 2007. She was a scientist for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency from 1994 to 2007. She is a member of the Society of Toxicology and the International Society of Environmental Epidemiology. She earned a Master of Public Health degree and a doctorate degree in bioengineering from the University of California, Berkeley.